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Website Resources - 8th Grade

These web links are organized by the themes included in the California History/Social Science Framework (2016) and by the themes used in the 8th grade curriculum guide.


General Links:


Lesson 1: The Constitution and the Fourteenth Amendment 


Topic 2:  Westward Movement and Gender Diversity in Frontier Life Through Photo Analysis (1800-1870) 



  • Parkinson, Jessie. Adventuring in California.  Applewood Books, 2008. (Discusses lifelong partners James P. Chamberlain and Jason A. Chaffee who settled in California in 1852).  


Lesson 3: Native Americans, Gender Roles and Two-Spirit People



YouTube Videos about Two Spirit People 

  • Two-Spirit People Voices. Frameline Films. (22 Minutes).  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8JcmAoderl4
    An overview of historical and contemporary Native American concepts of gender, sexuality and sexual orientation and two-spirit tradition.
  • As They Are: Two-Spirit People in the Modern World – USC Department of Anthropology. (18 minutes). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AYGxZL870ZE
    Reference for teachers. Provides a first person account from several individuals about two-spirit people as well as the insights from gay two-spirit people. 



  • Lang, Sabine, Men as Women, Women as Men (1998). 
  • Jacobs, Sue-Ellen, Sabine Lang, and Wesley Thomas, eds., Two-Spirit People (1997)



Topic 4: Cross-Dressing or “Passing Women” in the Civil War 




Jennie Hodgers – Albert Cashier 


Loreta Velazquez – Harry Buford 


Sarah Emma Edmonds – Frank Thompson 


Deborah Sampson – Robert Shurtleff 


Slave Life Narratives - 8.7 The South;  8.11 Reconstruction 

Framework: “Students discuss the role that race and gender played in constructing the enslaved as in need of civilization and thereby rationalizing slavery; the daily lives of enslaved men and women on plantations and small farms, including the varied family structures they adopted..."


OutHistory. "Same Sex Desire and the Slave Narrative."  http://outhistory.org/exhibits/show/aspectsofqueerexistence/aspectsofqueerexistenceslavena 





Boag, Peter. Re-Dressing America’s Frontier Past. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011.


Blanton, DeAnne and Laren Cook Wike. They Fought Like Demons: Women Soldiers in the American Civil War. Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 2002. Google books: https://books.google.com/books?id=deYLGaWeUCcC


Charles Clifton, “Rereading Voices from the Past: Images of Homo-Eroticism in the Slave Narrative,” in The Greatest Taboo: Homosexuality in Black Communities, ed. Delroy Constantine-Simms (Los Angeles: Alyson, 2000)


Kneib, Martha. Women Soldiers, Spies, and Patriots of the American Revolution; 2004.


Moore, Frank. Women of the War: Their Heroism and Self-sacrifice. Cincinnati: S. S. Scranton & Co., 1866. Google Books: https://books.google.com/books/about/Women_of_the_War.html?id=ymDhAAAAMAAJ


Stiehm, Judith. It’s Our Military Too!: Women and the U.S. Military; 1996.


General Info

National Park Service - LGBTQ Theme Study 



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